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What is a Labiaplasty?

A labiaplasty or vulval surgery is surgical procedure conducted in women who wish to improve the appearance of their labia. Women also opt for this surgery if their labia causes discomfort and pain when they’re riding a bike or during sexual intercourse.

A labiaplasty procedure aims to reduce the vagina’s inner lips (labia minora) so that it won’t hang just below the hair-bearing outer lips (labia majora).

The labia minora are the inner folds of skin. This part of a woman’s genital covers the clitoris and vagina. Meanwhile, the labia majora are the parts of a woman’s genital outside. The labia may lose its youthful appearance with sexual intercourse, childbirth, aging, or genetics.

Labiaplasty Procedure

A labiaplasty procedure may take two hours of operation. It’ll technically start with anesthesia. Before the procedure, you and your surgeon will discuss what type of anesthesia will be administered to you.

The most common technique for labiaplasty is the trim procedure. In this operation, the excess labia minora and tissues are trimmed. Your surgeon will use specialized scissors for the procedure, or he may even use a scalpel or laser. The area of incision depends on several factors like the size or texture of the labia.

Another technique is the wedge procedure. In this process, the natural border is maintained after a piece of tissue (pie-size) is removed.


After the operation is done, the incisions will be closed with absorbable sutures.

How much does it cost?

A labiaplasty is estimated to cost an average of $2,730. This average price is based on the 2016 statistics of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. The average price may vary because of some several factors. It still doesn’t include anesthesia and other related fees.

When determining the overall cost for a labiaplasty, take these considerations into account:

  • Location
  • Multiple treatment areas
  • Body type
  • Surgeon
  • Procedure

Labiaplasty, as well as other cosmetic surgeries, isn’t covered by most health insurances. However, there may be a flexible financing option for such surgeries.

person holding sliced orange fruit

Who are the candidates for labiaplasty?

The best candidates to go through labiaplasty are women who are

Transgender women may also be an excellent candidate for labiaplasty after they went through vaginoplasty. Keep in mind that labiaplasty isn’t designed to increase the pleasure you feel while having sex. If that’s your only issue, this procedure may not be for you.

How to choose your surgeon?

A labiaplasty must be made by a certified and expert surgeon to accomplish the best results. An unqualified doctor may lead to surgical complications and unsatisfying results. Keep these factors in mind when choosing a surgeon for your labiaplasty operation.

  • Certification and Membership. First of all, make sure that a surgeon is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Memberships may not be necessary, but it could be a great indication that that surgeon is well-skilled.
  • Experience. A surgeon’s experience can tell well if he can give you a safe and satisfying labiaplasty. If you’re up for a particular technique of labiaplasty, look for a surgeon that has experience in performing the procedure.
  • Reputation. One way to find an excellent plastic surgeon is seeking a recommendation. If you know someone who went through labiaplasty, ask them. Check the doctor’s record for any malpractice complaint. This information should be made public by state medical boards.

Initial Consultation

If you’ve found the perfect surgeon you’re comfortable with to do the procedure, it’s now time for the initial consultation. In this consultation, you and your doctor will discuss all the procedure. You’ll talk about:

  • Allergies
  • Medical conditions
  • Current medications

How to prepare for the procedure?

Before the scheduled date of your procedure, there are things you should do and not do. Besides, your surgeon will provide clear and thorough preoperative instructions.

Some of them may include that you quit smoking a month before the operation. Consuming alcohol may have to be minimized and better if stopped for a month as well. You may be advised to avoid certain medications like aspirin, herbal medicines, and anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs may interfere with the healing process.

You aren’t allowed to have sex the day before your scheduled operation.

Make sure to plan a leave from work weeks the operation as it may take a week for you to feel ease from the operation. Arrange someone drive you home after the procedure since plastic surgeries don’t require admission unless complications arise.


After the labiaplasty surgery, you can’t engage in sexual intercourse for about a month. For several weeks, you’ll probably feel your labia swelling. You can reduce the swelling and pain with a cold compress. You can place an ice pack between your underpants and an elastic wearable for twenty minutes. Your doctor may also prescribe pain relievers if you can’t stand the pain any longer.

For three or more weeks, you may be advised to avoid any strenuous activity. Don’t use tampons within ten days after your surgery. There may be a post-surgical bleeding which requires you though to use pads.

The very uncomfortable swelling may be gone after six weeks, but for the next six months after the surgery, you may still feel the swelling.


Labiaplasty results will typically solve your labia problems. The inner vagina lips (labia minora) will no longer hang down below the hair-bearing outer vagina lips (labia majora). The discomfort, pain, and twisting and tugging of labia will cease to be felt after the surgery. About 90% of the people that went through labiaplasty are satisfied with the results of the operation.

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